Spain is a prestigious destination for obtaining a higher education first of all due to the European diploma which helps the graduates to get jobs in major international companies. As compared to other European countries, Spain has huge advantage which is the price. The last statistical data reveals that the prices in Spanish Universities are among the cheapest in Europe, and a year of studying in a Spanish University costs on average a little over one thousand euros (according to the research made by the bank HSBC in 2013).
Universities in Spain can be whether public or private. Experience shows that the difference between them is in the type of offered specialities (private Universities are more likely to incorporate modern and core specialities) and in the price which is normally lower in state Universities. Foreign students can enter a University in Spain on completing the secondary education stage or by way of transferring after completing one or more academic years at a University in their native country.
The first way is a bit more difficult for non-European students because they will inevitably have to pass through thehomologation process, i.e. will have to get their qualification approved by the Spanish Ministry of Education. Officially it takes up to 4 months, but in some cases the answer comes only in 6-8 months. While waiting for the qualification to be approved, it’s better to start preparing for the national entrance exam known as Selectividad. The exam consists of two parts: compulsory (Spanish, Foreign language, the History of philosophy/ History of Spain + one core subject) and elective (two any subjects from the compulsory part). However, this system soon will be over. According to the last educational reform (Royal Decree 412/2014),Selectividad will be held for the last time at the end of 2016/17 academic year. From 2018 Universities will be able to set up their own access scheme and make their own exams.
Transferring to a Spanish University after completing one or more academic years in a foreign University helps non-European students to avoid the homologation of their qualification and exempts from taking the entrance exam. In this case foreign students should meet the following conditions: study for a full-time degree, have successfully passed through one or more examination periods and choose a similar speciality in a Spanish University. All the information should be got directly from the members of the Admission Board of certain University. The list of required documents also depends on the internal policy of the University selected.
Master’s Degree in Spain
Another way of getting a European University Diploma is to get a postgraduate education. In contrast to most non-European countries, a Master’s Degree in Spanish Universities can be got in 1 year. In order to access any Master’s programme in Spain, the University graduates from the countries entering the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) should have a Diploma sealed with the Hague Apostille and translated into Spanish by a legally certified translator. Applicants from other countries shouldlegalise their Diplomas via the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In some cases the applicants will also have to take an entrance exam or prove their knowledge of English.
Doctorate Degree in Spain
The Doctorate Degree is more suitable for those who want to devote their life to scientific research or teaching. In order to start aDoctorate Programme in Spain, one should have a Master’s Degree supported by a European or a homologated non-European Diploma. Nevertheless, some Universities agree to accept non-European students without making them pass through the homologation process. All the conditions should always be asked directly from the members of the Admission Board of certain University. Doctorate Programmes in Spain last for 3 years, but there’s also a possibility to extend learning up to 5 years.